Secret of Anubis - Ancient Astronomy
By Karima Lachtane

Hatshepsut

First a Story
Who was Hat-shep-sut?
From Queen to King
The Queens cartouche's
Monuments
Translation of the Obelisk text
Tomb of the Queen

"Be Silent our Daughter of Daughters, and listen to our words...." she was struck dead in her track as she heard the voices...


"You are your fathers First born, his Only born child under Nut.... You have the heart and soul of many kings, yet the very people that you love, will try to keep you from your destiny... But they shall not succeed..."

The little girl stood still, in the beautiful hall of her fathers palace, as if the voice had pulled her into a trance, her 9 year old body stood as still as the granite statues of her father.

"Do not forsake your mind, for we, the great ones that walk in front of Anubis, will always speak to you in your meditations.. Men will come to stand in awe of your name, and you shall have adventures, which men only dream about.."

Hatshepsut awoke from the trance like state, the thought and voice, quickly became a past memory, and the child ran off into another game...

Who was Hat-shep-sut


She was the first and only child by Tuthmosis I and his first wife.


She lived around 1508 - 1458 B.c. 
To put this into perspective, 
she lived a long time 
before Ramesses II and Sety I. 
Almost 4000 years ago from today.



Tuthmosis I loved his daughter so much, and unlike other daughters, she would try to imitate her father, at different events. He was proud of her, but he foresaw the troubles ahead.

Tuthmosis I finally had a son Tuthmosis II with his second wife, whom he raised to be the next heir. Yet he knew that the throne rightfully belonged to her, and that she was the one of the royal blood of the first.


But royal blood or not, the priest would Never accept a female leader.. no one knows why...

Because of the priests rules, queen Hat-shep-sut was semi-forced to marry her brother, hereby giving him the power needed to rule Egypt. She was married with her younger half brother, together they would rule for 14 years. 

They did not have a son, which left Tuthmosis II with the same problem as her father was left with. Tutmosis II died at a young age, and had chosen his son Tuthmosis III by a second wife, to marriage her. 

From Queen to King



Again to keep everything in the accepted orders, Tuthmosis III was still a young boy, which gave queen Hatshepsut the possibility to rule as she wanted, as long as she pleased the priests. 

One day it was announced that Amun the Hidden One had spoken to her, while she was meditating at Karnak.

Amun had declared her the rightful ruler of Egypt, with such an announcement the priest were caught of guard.

They must have found themselves in a rather peculiar situation, which had never been seen before.

It was accepted both by the people and by the priests that the pharaohs was able to connect directly to the divine.

So when Hat-shep-sut said what she said, she knew that they could not really challenge the statement, because in doing so they would be challenging the entire hierarchy.

She has 3 official names 
(most likely one secret name)

Birth name
Priestess name/ Throne name
Horus name


From the earliest time, the ancient kings of Egypt would have 4 strong names

Horus name
Nebti name
Horus of gold name
Nesu bati name


The Queens Cartouche's




Maat-ka-Ra

Throne name
The Soul of Ra is justified
Justice - soul - Ra
Ra's soul is justifed

As you can see on the pictures above, which I took in Luxor, Egypt, gives the name of maatkara. 

This is actually a priestess (title) order who served under the Lord Amun, interestingly they use the word Ra and not Amun.

I will talk more about this female priesthood in a upcoming post.

A name made up of 3 words:

Maat
As you can see on the picture, maat points to a sitting figure, notice that this figure has a feather on the head.

This is the goddess known as Maat, the balance keeper of the universe. Without her, the ancient Egyptian believed that they would drift into the chaos of the universe.

ka
"Oh lord of the universe my Ka exist by your rules alone".

The ka is the core of a human being. But like all the words in ancient Egypt, and the defiant meaning is still unknown.

It is the double, image, the subconscious self, the abstract personality, character as well as the mind.

So as you can see, the Ka is much like the word maat, we have an assumption, because we have seen it used in context, that revealed these words.

But even in ancient Egypt, there seems to be confusion about this word. 

The Pyramid text tell us that,
The Ka lives in Heaven, and that one can be happy with our ka's. That one can join the ka to their body.

So these things are a lot more complex, and might give us other valuable information about the time.

Ra
The first creator on the First day. Ra as you probably already know, is the Sun..

But when ancient Egyptians would use this symbol, they could also be referring to the 'First Day', especially the first day that Ra rose above the horizon.

Now this was the queens Hatshepsut's cartouche for her throne name.




The Hat-shep-sut cartouche for her birth name looks different, and also serves another purpose.

The word means 
"Foremost of Noble Ladies"

It is peculiar to me, that the cartouche above,  does not seem to give the word Hatshepsut... One word is missing...

Here is how I translate this name...

The last figure, is another version of the word 'Sheps' which means noble, honourable, and the sainted dead..

The next part is the Lion front part and the letter t below it. This part makes up 'hat'

The next part is the most tricky one if you ask me. I would guess this is where they got the u from. The vessel alone means xnem: To unite, to be joined to, and below the vessel there is placed yet another t.

I would translate the first part of the cartouche as 'amun/amen'

To me her name looks more like this, from one end to the other.



Her Horus name




The Horus names could be seen in a more mythological way, in that it belongs to the story of Horus, and who is the rightful ruler after Horus the great son.

The three up raised arms alone, is used to identify the KAU-spirits, plur.  It was said that Ptah was the creator of the KAU spirits.

Monuments


Hatshepsut was not known for going into war, like other rulers were, but rather for her big trading expedition to Punt. She is also known for her fine monuments, which is of a very high and unique quality. 


Quote from her. "Hear ye, all persons! Ye people as many as ye are! I have done this according to the design of my heart. ... I have restored that which was in ruins.."

Her monuments are to be found at Luxor temple, and Karnak temple and her great funerary temple at Deir el-bahari and at many other sites. 


In my guide book, the magical guide to Luxor temple, I bring a little light upon her boat temple in Luxor temple and how Ramesses II probably felt about her. 

It is widely known that Hat-shep-sut had a huge impact upon her father, and brother/husband and her Son/husband. 

Many scholars believe she manipulated the men around her, when in fact she just did as a queen would do. And if we put the shoe on the other foot, then she seemed to have been seen as  an object, given from one man to another.

Egyptologist James Henry said she is also known as "the first great woman in history of whom we are informed."


An obelisk that lies down in one of the temples at Karnak, it shows the crowning of Hatshepsut in male form. Upon the obelisk, the god Amun declares his appreciation of Hatshepsut as pharaoh.

Hat-shep-sut's devotion to Amun, deserves a post by itself. So I am making a post about these priestesses.


Translation of the Obelisk text



Horus strong spirited youthful of years. Horus the Golden Bright God. Egyptian queen of upper and lower lands maat KA RA.

She has erected as monument for her father master of Amun made of lots of electrum.

She lightens the two lands like Atum. She has done what no one has done since the beginning of the earth.


which Hatshepsut daughter of the sun has made giving life like Ra forever.


East Side of the Obelisk



Horus strong of spirit queen of upper and lower Egypt Maat Ka Ra beloved of Amun.

Forever this monument stands with the name of her father.

When flattery was given to king of upper and lower Egypt. Master of the lands Aa Kheber Ka Ra (Her father other name) by his majesty the Great Noble God.

When two Great Obelisks have been erected by her majesty in the first occasion.

They are words by the Master of the Gods.

It if your father king of upper and lower Egypt Aa Kheber Ka Ra giver of command to erect the obelisks.


Your majesty shall repeat the monuments causing life forever.


North side of the Obelisk



Horus strong spirited green of life that is the Bright God of upper and lower Egypt mistress of two lands Maat Ka Ra.

Her father Amun has fixed her name Maat Ka Ra on the Holy Tree.

Her annals like millions of years united with life and welfare.

Daughter of Ra Hatshepsut beloved of the king of Gods Amun in front of this beautiful solid monument.

Which she erected for him in the first Jubilee to offer eternal life.


The Base of the Obelisk


Living Horus strong spirited green of years Golden Horus the Bright Godess.

Goddess of upper and lower Egypt Maat Ka Ra Daughter of the sun Hatshepsut eternal life forever.

Daughter of Amun Ra who is in his heart.

His only child whom he has brought. The useful image of everyone's master.

Whom spirit of lyouno had created her beauty.

Holder of the two lands as arso who had created her to carry his crowns.

Who is there as Kheberi who shines with his crowns like Ekhti.

The chaste egg that has come out useful.

Whom the Great of Magic had reared.

Whom Amun himself had raised to his throne in lyouno on southern thebes.

Whom he has chosen to protect Egypt and to protect mankind and people.

Horus protector of her father the old daughter of God Kamout Ef.

Whom Ra has brought to be for him an excellent seed on earth.

For the welfare of people. His living image.

Egyptian queen Maat Ka Ra of upper and lower land the best of kings...

-it continues...

Tomb of the Queen


She had a couple of Tombs, but her body has not yet been found.

Howard Carter found the first one and wrote.
"As a king, it was clearly necessary for her to have her tomb in the Valley like all other kings - as a matter of fact I found her tomb myself in 1903- 

and the present tomb was abandoned. She would have been better advised to hold to her original plan. 

In this secret spot her mummy would have had a reasonable chance of avoiding disturbance: in the Valley it had none. A king she would be, and a king's fate she shared".

The second one is to be found at the base of the cliffs in the corner of the eastern part of the Valley of the Kings.




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